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Mutual funds offer the right platform to participate in the Equity or Debt markets since they give you the advantage of getting a professional fund manager to invest funds on your behalf. It could be a suitable avenue to park your funds if you are one of following:

  • New to the Equity or Debt markets and do not have not much knowledge on investing in stocks
  • Busy and do not have time to track stocks and their price movements
  • Looking for a professional expertise for investing funds

Types of Mutual Funds:

mutual-funds

  • Equity Funds
  • Debt Funds (Income Funds)
  • Diversified Funds (Balanced or Hybrid Funds)
  • Gilt Funds
  • Money Market Funds
  • Sector Specific Funds
  • Index Funds

At Wealth Navigator, we understand the importance of financial goals of our clients and provide them comprehensive solutions to all their financial needs. Through our diversified product portfolio of Mutual Funds, we serve your needs better and help them you informed investment decisions.

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Debt Instruments

The word ‘Debt’ is synonymous with borrowing. But as an investment parse, it’s a very lucrative option. A Government /Corporate /Institution borrows money from people via debt instruments. These products are of least risk in nature and offer fixed returns which are more than traditional fixed income returns. An exposure to a debt instrument helps in diversifying your portfolio. There is a decent range of products wherein one could invest which are follows:

Bonds

Infrastructure Bonds under section 80 CCF of the Income Tax Act – IFCI, IDFC, L&T offer a coupon of around 9.15 % pa for a minimum investment horizon of 5 yrs.

What is a Bond?

By purchasing a bond, an investor loans money for a fixed period of time at a predetermined interest rate. While the interest is paid to the bond holder at regular intervals, the principal amount is repaid at a later date, known as the maturity date. While both bonds and stocks are securities, the principle difference between the two is that bond holders are lenders, while stockholders are the owners of the organization. Another difference is that bonds usually have a defined term, or maturity, after which the bond is redeemed, whereas stocks may be outstanding indefinitely. An exception is a consol bond, which is perpetuity (i.e., bond with no maturity).

Types of Bonds

  • Infrastructure Bonds under section 80 CCF of the Income Tax Act – IFCI, IDFC, L&T offer a coupon of around 9.15 % pa for a minimum investment horizon of 5 yrs.
  • Tax free Bonds like NHAI, IRFCand PFC offer tax free interest above 8% pa with a minimum 10 year lock in option.
  • Corporate Bonds viz Tata Steel ltd, Dhanlaxmi bank, First Leasing company offer yields above 12% with a coupon of above 11.50%.

Corporate Fixed deposits

Corporate FDs are just like a normal Bank FD, where instead of a Bank a particular company, borrows money from the applicant of the FD over a predetermined interest for a fixed period. These FDs are unsecured in nature.

Some well-known FDs

  • Mahindra & Mahindra Financial Services Ltd giving interest of 9.50% for a 1 year investment.
  • JP Associates Ltd offering an interest of 11.75% for 1 year
  • TV 18 Broadcast Ltd offering an interest of 11.50%

Non Convertible Debentures (NCDs)

A Non Convertible Debenture (NCD) is a low to moderate risk debt instrument issued by companies, for a fixed maturity period at a fixed rate of interest. NCDs cannot be converted into equity of the issuing company unlike convertible debentures which can be converted into equity of the issuing company at a future date.

Benefits of NCDs

    • Issuance and trading: NCDs are issued and traded in physical or demat form.
    • Returns: NCDs are ideal for conservative investors who seek higher returns but are risk averse. Returns are generally in the range of 11 to 13%,depending upon the market and the company.
    • Safety: NCDs are relatively safer than company FDs. They possess low to moderate amounts of risk depending upon the company. NCDs could be secured or unsecured. Secured NCDs are secured against the assets of the company. In other words, in case of a default, these investors will be paid back first, by selling some of the assets of the company. In case of unsecured NCDs, there is no security for repayment of principal or interest.
    • Liquidity: Investors could liquidate NCDs by either selling it on the stock exchange or by exercising the Call or Put Option
    • Tax Implication: There is no Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) on NCD investments. However for NRI investors, there is a Tds deduction. The interest income of an NCD is taxed at normal rates and is included under Income from other sources.They are also subject to capital gains tax when sold at the stock exchange.

Well Known NCDs

      • Shriram Transport Finance NCD
      • Muthoot Finance NCD
      • Manappuram Finance NCD

ICDs

An Inter-Corporate Deposit (ICD) is an unsecured borrowing by corporates and FIs from other corporate entities registered under the Companies Act 1956. The corporate having surplus funds would lend to another corporate in need of funds. This lending would be an uncollateralized basis and hence a higher rate of interest would be demanded by the lender. The short term credit rating of the corporate would determine the rate at which the corporate would be able to borrow funds. Further the credit spreads demanded even for the top rated corporates would be higher than similar rated banks and the rates on ICDs would higher than those in the Certificate of Deposit (CD) market. The tenor of ICD may range from 1 day to 1 year, but the most common tenor of borrowing is for 90 days. Primary Dealers are only permitted to borrow in the ICD market. The borrowing under ICD is restricted to 50% of the Net Owned Funds and the minimum tenor of borrowing is for 7 days. The market of inter-corporate deposits depends crucially on personal contacts. The decisions of lending in this market are largely governed by personal contacts.

Commercial Papers (CPs)

Commercial Paper (CP) is an unsecured money market instrument issued in the form of a promissory note. It was introduced in India in 1990 with a view to enabling highly rated corporate borrowers/ to diversify their sources of short-term borrowings and to provide an additional instrument to investors. Some of the Highlights of a CP are as follows:

    • They are unsecured debts of corporate and are issued in the form of promissory notes, redeemable at par to the holder at maturity.
    • Only corporate who get an investment grade rating can issue CPs, as per RBI rules.
    • It is issued at a discount to face value
    • Attracts issuance stamp duty in primary issue
    • Has to be mandatorily rated by one of the credit rating agencies
    • It is issued as per RBI guidelines
    • It is held in Demat form
    • CP can be issued in denominations of Rs. 5 lakh or multiples thereof. Amount invested by a single investor should not be less than Rs.5 lakh (face value).
    • Issued at discount to face value as may be determined by the issuer.
    • Bank and FI’s are prohibited from issuance and underwriting of CP’s.
    • Can be issued for a maturity for a minimum of 15 days and a maximum upto one year from the date of issue

Alternate Investments

Traditionally the preserves of wealthy investors, alternatives to traditional investment assets have been used as a tool to diversify and optimise the performance of large pension and investment portfolios for many years. Today, some Investors feel that portfolios consisting solely of stocks, bonds and cash leave them over-exposed to the performance of financial markets, and are instead allocating more capital to alternative assets such as in order to diversify out risk and optimise portfolio performance. At Wealth Navigator, we also provide an opportunity for investors to have their exposure into investments which are non-traditional in nature and have a huge potential to give returns which are much more than the usual investment. Such investments are customised according to the type of investment avenues and the investors.

Private Equity

Private equity is a source of investment capital for the purpose of investing and acquiring equity ownership in unlisted companies. Partners at private equity firms raise funds and manage these funds for the purpose of yielding favourable returns for their shareholder clients, typically with an investment horizon between four and seven years.

Venture Capital

Venture capital (VC) is financial capital provided to early-stage, high-potential, high risk, growthstartup companies. The venture capital fund makes money by owning equity in the companies it invests in, which usually have a novel Idea or a business model. In addition to angel investing and other seed funding options, venture capital is attractive for new companies with limited operating history that are too small to raise capital in the public markets and have not reached the point where they are able to secure a bank loan or complete a debt offering. In exchange for the high risk that venture capitalists assume by investing in smaller and less mature companies, venture capitalists usually get significant control over company decisions, in addition to a significant portion of the company’s ownership and consequently value.

Real Estate Funds

Like mutual funds, real estate funds are founded by a group of real estate professionals/experts to ‘manage’ property/real estate for the investor. Generally, Real Estate Funds typically own large commercial office spaces, hotels and rely mainly on rental incomes. However, there are some that are more focussed on capital appreciation as well. They buy, develop and sell property and share profits with investors from any capital appreciation on the sale of property. Apart from sale of property, real estate funds also make money from rentals on property owned by them. Some real estate funds may not actually own property as that may involve above-average risk from volatility in property prices. Instead, such funds invest in bonds/instruments that are secured by property. The coupon rate that they receive on these bonds/instruments is then distributed to investors/unit holders as dividends.

Structured Products

A structured product, also known as a market-linked product, is a pre-packaged investment strategy based on derivatives such as a single security, an index, debt issuances or even foreign currencies. Most structured products that are sold in India, have ‘principal protection’ function as the key, which means that the investor is assured that he will not lose anything from what he has invested. Structured products are designed to facilitate highly-customised risk-return objectives.

Our associations with various renowned Banks, Financial Institutions and companies put us in a position to offer the best investment opportunity to our clients.